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Captain Company I, 56th Regiment
North Carolina Troops*
GENERAL M. W. RANSOM'S BRIGADE.
BRADY, THE PRINTER
Statesville, N. C.
A WORD PERSONAL.
Housen Harrill, my great-grandfather, was
born in Virginia. He married Francis Street,
moved to North Carolina, and settled on Beaver
Dam Creek, in what is now Cleveland county.
Here they raised a large family — five sons and sev-
eral daughters. Their son Samuel, born June 19,
1772, was my grandfather.
Tradition has it that Housen Harrill, served
in the Revolutionary war. If so, he was probably
in a Virginia Regiment. He represented Ruther-
ford county in the Legislature of 1804.
Samuel Harrill was married about 1799 to
Susannah Hamrick. They lived on Sandy Run
Creek in Rutherford county, and were the parents
of six sons and five daughters. Their fourth son,
Amos, was my father.
My maternal great-grandfather James LEE, and
his wife, Mary Chisholm, were raised in Virginia.
He was connected with the family from which Gen-
eral Lee descended.
At the beginning of the Revolution he was living
in Tryon county, now Rutherford county, North
Carolina. He fought at King's Mountain and
Cowpens. Being severely wounded at Cowpens,
he was carried to his home 12 or 15 miles distant.
While on furlough he received a letter from Gener-
al Pickens commending his bravery in that battle.
Cassandra or "Cassie Lee," his daughter, mar-
ried William Baxter, and their daughter, Eliz-
abeth, my mother, married Amos Harrill, March
3°i l8 37-
I am the eldest of fifteen children and was born
February 17, 1838. William Baxter, the second
child died in infancy.
My boyhood days were spent in Rutherford
county, where I attended the common schools.
Webster's blue back was a text book and boys were
taught to spell. I learned to do all kinds of farm
work, and also that fish would bite on Sunday.
My life was uneventful until my twentieth year.
At that time my brothers aud sisters were attacked
with a malignant form of scarlet fever. On Feb-
ruary 22, 1858, Susan, one of my twin sisters died.
Though only eleven years of age, she seemed to real-
ize that she could not live and selected a place for
her burial. Baity died February 27; Esther, 28;
Sarah, March 3; and Priscilla, March 14.
I regard this great affliction as the turning point
in my life. I realized that I was without a hope of
that happy existence beyond the grave. I was in a
state of unrest and anxiety until May 31st. It was
customary in those days to preach funerals some
time after death and burial. At the services in
memory of my brother and four sisters, while my
uncle, William Harrill, was preaching, I was con-
The same year, 1858, I commenced the study of
medicine under Dr. O. P. Gardner. I entered Jef-
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in October,
1859. Here I became aware of the intense animos-
ity existing between the North and South.
My first experience in political excitement was
at the time of the John Brown raid at Harper's
Ferry. The bitterness increased during i860.
March 9, 1861, I graduated in medicine and re-
turned to my home.
BEGINNING OF THE WAR.
On the 13th of April, 1861, I arrived in Charles-
ton, S. C, and the next day saw the United
States flag lowered at Fort Sumter. From Spartan-
burg I had traveled with a number of South Caro-
lina Volunteers, who were in a state of great ex-
citement. The firing had ceased before we reached
the city and the surrender took place next day.
When I returned to Rutherford county, I made
and raised the first secession flag in the county. In
a few days Lincoln's proclamation calling for troops
to coerce the States that had already seceded was
the topic discussed at every fireside. It was the gen-
eral opinion that North Carolina would secede.
Governor Ellis called the Legislature to meet
May i. In the meantime volunteer companies were
being organized all over the State.
My brother Amos and I joined the first one to
leave our county. My brothers George and John
joined one which was formed later. Our company
was organized and drilled for several days at the
place where Forest City now stands. My cousin,
H. D. Lee, grandson of James Lee, was elected Cap-
tain. On May i, we left for Raleigh. We marched
to Lincolnton (our nearest R. R. station) took a
freight train and reached Raleigh May 3rd, or 4th,
where we found the greatest excitement, troops be-
ing sent to the front and regiments being organized,
as the Legislature had authorized the Governor to
raise ten regiments before the meeting of the State
Convention. Our company was placed in the 6th
Regiment Volunteers, North Carolina Troops. We
camped at the old quarry, where the stone used in
building the capital was taken. We spent most of
the time in drilling. Here I learned the manuel
My uncle Micajah Durham, father of Plato Dur-
ham, was a delegate to the State Convention. He
took me into the Capital, shared his seat with me,
hence I was present when the ordinance of secession
was passed on the twentieth of May, 1861.
To avoid confusion, the numbers of the volun-
teer regiments were changed, and my company was
assigned to the 16th Regiment, being Company D.
Stephen L,ee, of Asheville, was our Colonel.
July 5th, 1 86 1, we left Raleigh, arrived in Rich-
mond on the 6th and in a few days were ordered to
what is now West Virginia, to re-inforce General
Garnett, who was killed before we could reach him.
My first experience in marching in battle array
was from Staunton, Va., across the Alleghanies to
Valley Mt., at the head of Tygart's River. I was
wearing a pair of Oxford ties. Blisters were num-
While we were in camp at Valley Mt., our regi-
ment was visited with an epidemic of measles term-
inating in many cases, on account of unavoidable
exposure, in rapid pneumonia, or followed by
There were no experienced nurses, no suitable
food, no competent cooks and a scant supply of
medicines. The Surgeon and Assistant-Surgeon
were sick and Dr. J. I,. Rucker and I, both pri-
vates, were detailed for medical services. We did
what we could, but the great number of the sick
(at one time amounting to several hundred) over-
whelmed us. Disease caused greater mortality
among us than any battle of the war.
September 23rd, we were ordered to advance on
the position of the enemy. There was skirmish-
ing for a day or two. Here I saw my first dead
Federal soldier. On our return our command
halted. I was sick and had permission to leave the
regiment. In going to the rear I met General R.
E. Lee, riding alone. He made inquiries about a
certain Tennessee Regiment, then said, "you look
sick, go as far as you can. I am going to order
these troops to retire and you will be exposed to
capture." I kept going until exhausted, when I
spent the rest of the night on the grass in a moun-
About October i, the troops were withdrawn
from Valley Mt. It had been raining almost daily
for weeks and all streams were raging. We had
great difficulty in crossing a river The current was
so strong that one man could not stand in it, but
they gripped each other and crossed in groups.
In a few days I was detailed to take charge of a
train of wagons and convey more than fifty typhoid
fever patients to the hospital at Rock Bridge Alum
Springs, 50 or 60 miles away.
Here I assisted in treating the sick, until I was
attacked with jaundice. When I recovered I was
placed in charge of a ward in the hospital. Soon
after, I took charge of the Dispensary, where I re-
mained until December, when I rejoined my regi-
ment near the Potomac river, east of Manassas. We
spent the winter here and suffered many hardships.
While here I heard of the death of my brother
George, in the hospital at Goldsboro, N. C. He
was in his twentieth year. He had been in service
only a few months.
In March, 1862, with First Lieutenant Kilpat-
rick, I was detailed to return to Rutherford county
to enlist recruits. We raised about 75 men, and
rejoined our regiment at Fredricksburg, Va. Here,
on April 7, we organized a new company, with J.
W. Kilpatrick, Captain, and L,. Harrill, First Lieu-
tenant. This new company, "N" was attached to
the 1 6th Regiment, making 13 companies in that
regiment. This company was mainly new men
with a few transfers from Company D.
In a few days we left for Ashland, Va., and on to
Yorktown. Here we were exposed to fire from the
Federal gunboats. A shell from one struck our
breastworks and threw dirt over me.
The retreat from Yorktown to Richmond, began
on May 4, and our march was made over roads al-
most knee deep in mud. At Williamsburg there
was a hard fought battle, but our regiment was not
engaged. On this retreat I saw our Commander
Gen. Jos. E. Johnson, for the first time. After one
hard day's march, we made our supper on corn
taken from the hungry mules and parched.
We remained in the vicinity of Richmond until
May 30, when we marched toward Mechanicsville.
May 31, we went to Seven Pines at double quick.
Firing in our front warned us that we were to en-
ter our first battle, and the roadside was, lined with
playing cards, which the men cast aside not wish-
ing to carry them into the fight. We were under
command of that dauntless old hero, Gen. Wade
Hampton, who rode quietly along the line saying,
"Do not fire a shot until you feel the enemy on
your bayonets." We lost our Captain, J. W. Kil-
patrick, and W. A. Brooks, A. K. Lynch, A. R.
Sorrels and J. G. Price. The latter, our drummer,
went voluntarily into battle. A number of our
men were wounded. After the battle we had a sup-
per of pork and beans from kettles on the camp
fires of a Pennsylvania Regiment, " The Bucktail
I was promoted to Captain and served as such
until the close of the war. At Seven Pines, Gen-
eral Johnson was wounded, and General Lee became
Commander. Early next morning he rode by my
company on old "Traveller."
We remained in this locality until June 19, when
I was ordered to report with my company at Camp
Mangum, Raleigh, N. C. Here our company was
transferred to the 56th Regiment, North Carolina
Troops and became Company I. Ours was the on-
ly company in this regiment that had seen active
service. This was our first opportunity for drilling,
as heretofore we had been too close to the enemy.
Col. H. B. Watson inspected the company July i,
1862, and made this report: — "Discipline: Good.
Instruction: Very deficient. Military Appearance:
Good. Arms: Mixed but serviceable. Accoutre-
ments: Good. Knapsacks: Worthless. Clothing:
Deficient." We drilled every day and soon felt that
as skirmishers we were the best in the regiment.
(For account of the formation of this company
and its transfer see North Carolina Regiments,
Vol. Ill, page 316.)
Aug. 8, 1862, the 56th was ordered to Goldsboro.
The next three months were spent marching and
counter-marching between Goldsboro, Warsaw,
Magnolia, Wilmington, the seacoast, Tarboro, etc.
We took one trip in the rain on flat cars. Smoke
from rich pine wood used in the engine blew full
upon us. When we reached camp where soap and
water were scarce, we had no change of clothing.
The figure, size, or roll call revealed a man's iden-
tity. Bast of Tarboro, on November 4th, Vance,
our recently elected Governor, visited us. He was
wearing a high silk hat and was greeted with
"Come out of that hat! We know you are in there
because we see your feet sticking out." Vance en-
joyed the joke as much as the men.
November 5, expected attack from General Fos-
ter — had skirmishing. November 6th, had pursued
enemy to Hamilton, N. C. Next day we had sev-
eral inches of snow. I was unwilling for the half
dozen barefooted men to March through it, and
with difficulty secured a wagon for them. On
November 15th, we crossed Roanoke River at Hill's
Ferry, near Palmyra. We marched through Bertie
county to Murfreesboro. We were escorted through
the town by Colonel Wheeler (author of North Car-
olina History) and his cavalry. November 19th,
crossed the Nottaway River, marched to Franklin,
Va., and 6 miles beyond. We were without food.
I failed to secure any supplies from the commis-
sary but was invited to sup with my Colonel, which
I declined to do. We remained at Franklin, Va.,
for several weeks.
December 8th. A detachment from my company
under Lieutenant Sweezy, who never saw anything
too big for him to fight, attacked a small gunboat
in Blackwater River and forced it to withdraw.
My men being on a bluff had the advantage.
January 17, 1863. Returned to Goldsboro N. C,
and were ordered to the front on picket duty at
Magnolia. January 20th, went to Keenansville.
Here the Brigade of General M. W. Ransom was
formed by placing 24th, 25th, 35th, 49th and 56th
Regiments under his command. February 22nd.
Ordered to Wilmington, thence to Old Topsail
Sound (Feb. 24) where we drilled until March 23
when we started to Kinston, ariving April i. April
17th we crossed Neuse River and by the 19th
reached Wise's Fork, where we lay in line of battle.
At this time the Federals were occupying Newbern.
April 24th, Company's I, E and G, all under my
command, were ordered to Gum Swamp, ten miles
east of Kinston. On the 28th we were attacked
by four regiments, at least 1600 men, while my
force was 165. We held our position on the east
side of the swamp for about two hours, then crossed
to the west side and fought until darkness closed
the battle. We lost one officer, Lieutenant Lutter-
loh, and three men killed. Enemy's loss, ten killed
and eighteen wounded. Next morning Adjutant
E. J. Hale wrote an account of the skirmish and
published it in the Fayetteville Observer. He says,
"Capt. Harrill, Company I, commanded during the
first of the fight and until the arrival of Colonel
Faison. He is certainly one of the coolest men I
ever saw, and all award him praise for the admir-
able handling of his little force while in command.
* * * *. Our officers and men behaved most
admirably, not one leaving his post or straggling
in any way * * * *. The force of the enemy
in our front consisted of six regiments of infantry
and a squadron of cavalry." (For another account
see North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, page 323.)
We remained near Wise's Fork, until May 21,
when my company was again on picket duty, one
mile south of the railroad at a crossing of Gum
Swamp. During the night the enemy passed in
rear of my position and attacked our regiment
where the first battle of Gum Swamp was fought.
After the battle I withdrew my company, crossed
the enemy's trail through the swamp, and after
hours of wandering joined our regiment at Wise's
Fork. About half of the regiment was captured.
Company I did not lose a man.
At this time the enemy was threatening Rich-
mond from both sides of James River. To meet
emergencies our brigade was moved rapidly from
place to place. May 28, to Petersburg; 29, Rich-
mond; June 2, Petersburg; June 13, Drewry's Bluff;
17, Petersburg; 21, Halfway House. June 26, we
had a night march to Seven Pines to meet a column
of the enemy coming from the WhiteHouse. June
2, we met a large force of Federals, partly new
recruits, near Bottom's Bridge and had the longest
running fight that I saw during the war. We ad-
vanced eight or ten miles rapidly, often at double
quick, but the enemy outran us to the shelter of
their gunboat on York River.
July nth, we were at Petersburg; 28th, Weldon,
N. C; Aug. 1st, Garysburg, N. C; Aug. 12th, Hali-
fax; i3th,Hamilton; 16th ordered back to Garysburg.
About the last of August, '63, my company with
others, was ordered to Wilkes county, North Car-
olina, to break up the gang of deserters and lawless
characters, whose refuge was in the mountains. We
arrested large numbers and sent them to the army.
These men were from several States.
My company was in Wilkes, Ashe, Alleghany
and Randolph counties until January 1, 1864, when
the regiment was assembled at Goldsboro, where
we drilled until ordered to Kinston, about the
28th. 29th and 31st we advanced toward Newbern.
February 1st, moved at 2 a. m., and captured an
outpost on Bachelor's Creek, my company on skir-
mish line took several prisoners. One man, hidden
in the grass, threw up his hands as we came near.
James Nelon was in the act of shooting him when
I struck down the gun with my sword. We made
a rush for the railroad bridge hoping to cut off the
enemy but failed, then closed in around Newbern
and spent the day in sight of their fortifications,
then were sent back to Kinston.
February 7th, sent to Weldon by train; 26th, to
Franklin, Va.; March 9th, to Suffolk, where we
captured a number of prisoners and returned to
Franklin; 12th, by train to Weldon. We then
camped at Garysburg for drilling, also muster, and
inspection for January and February, by Colonel
Faison. Here I had my first experience in drilling
a regiment. We left for Tarboro April 14th, and
next day the march to Plymouth began. The
49th Regiment being absent on special duty, the
8th Regiment was placed in Ransom's Brigade un-
til its return.
BATTLE OF PLYMOUTH.
We reached the vicinity of Plymouth on Sun-
day, April 17th. Brigadier Gen. R. F. Hoke, com-
manded this expedition. Under him were his own
bigade, Colonel Lewis, Commanding, Kemper's Vir-
ginia Brigade; General M. W. Ransom's Brigade;
Deering's Cavalry, Branch's and other Artillery.
The engagement began Sunday evening, the en-
emy opening fire with artillery. My company was
deployed as skirmishers on the Washington Road
and drove the Yankee skirmishers within their
April 1 8th. The position of my command was
changed to the south front of the enemy's fortifica-
tions. About 5 P. M. a Staff Officer rode up to our
Commander with General Ransom's compliments,
and said, "Send me Capt. Harrill's Company."
We were sent forward to engage the enemy's pick-
ets and drove them in. The Yankee Artillery
opened fire, and we sheltered behind stumps and
logs, as best we could, to avoid the heavy shower
of grape shot hurled at us. We lay down and all
the artillery on both sides opened fire, the shot and
shell passing over us. The artillery duel is de-
scribed in North Carolina History, Vol. V, page 179,
as follows: "The action commenced about sunset.
The night being perfectly clear with, a full moon,
every object was visible. The sight was magnifi-
cent. The screaming, hissing shells, meeting and
passing each other through the sulphurous air, ap-
peared like blazing comets with their burning fuses
and would burst with frightful noise, scattering
their fragrants as thick as hail."
April 19th. Our position was changed several
times. At dark we marched to east of Plymouth.
About midnight we reached Conaby Creek where
the bridge had been destroyed by the enemy. We
crossed the creek on pontoon bridge and took posi-
tion in an open field in front of strong fortifications.
April 20th. We advanced on the town at day-
light. My company was ordered to keep close to
the river, as sharpshooters, without regard to the
movements of the regiment.
We crossed a swamp through water hip-deep, ad-
vanced through yards and gardens, to the crossing
of Jefferson Street, where we came into range of
heavy infantry fire. T. R. Campbell, Sam'l Green,
J. P. Philbeck, H. W. Price, R. H. Wall, and Hous-
en Harrill were wounded. The latter still carries
a minnie-ball in his leg as a souvenir. William
Daves, Co. I, color guard (with the regiment) was
Advancing, we reached Battery Worth, fired into
the open rear door, whereupon the occupants sur-
rendered Taking the prisoners with us we turned
to the left. About 75 yards in that direction
brought us in rear of the right wing of the enemy's
fortifications, full of Federal soldiers, who promptly
surrendered. We marched our prisoners (double
our own number) into the west end of Water Street
and required them to sit or lie down. Thus we
had opened the way for Lewis' men to enter the
town from the west side without firing a shot.
The quotations given below bear upon this en-
gagement and the part taken by my men. North
Carolina Regiments, Vol. 5, page 188: "Company
I of the 56th., under Captain Harrill, was sent in
advance of the regiment with orders to keep along
the river and was thus the first company to enter the
towji, [italics mine] and about sunrise captured 20
artilleryists who were serving the 200 pound gun
intended for the "Albemarle," which was proceed-
ing up the river with our line and secured Captain
Cook from further opposition of any moment."
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, page 340,
342, 343: " Company I pressed straight forward
sweeping everything before them between Water
Street and the river bank." *****
"The part assigned to Harrill's men under their
fearless leader had been effectually accomplished.
Through water hip deep they crossed the canal and
swamp and keeping near the river, passing around
houses and bursting through garden and yard fen-
ces, they reached the rear of Battery Worth, con-
taining the 200 pounder specialty provided to an-
ticipate the coming of our iron clad "Albemarle."
One volley was sufficient. The white flag was run
up and the battery with some twenty artillery men
surrendered to him. Taking the prisoners with
them from this battery on the river they imme-
diately charged to their left and thus struck in the
flank and rear the right section of the enemy's line
of battle occupying the breastworks here on Water
Street facing up the river. His demand to surren-
der was promptly complied with and while Harrill
here gathered in his prisoners largely outnumbering
his own rank and file, Lewis' men, who had held
the attention of the enemy in their front, came in
at a double quick over the cause-way leading
through the swamp on the west of Plymouth,
passed Harrill's position and joined Graham's de-
General Wessels, commander of the United States
forces, says: "At daylight the following day, 20th
of April, while my right and front was seriously
threatened, the enemy advanced rapidly against
my left, assaulting and carrying the line in that
quarter, penetrating the town along the river and
capturing Battery Worth."
Fort Worth was captured by my company alone.
No other part of the regiment nearer than 300 or
400 yards. Near the Fort we captured a hospital
tent and I placed a guard over it until the drugs
could be turned over to our Medical Department.
We also captured a lot of clothing and provisions.
Jonathan Mooney came out of a tent with a large
ham on his bayonet. After the battle we had a
feast of fried ham and other good things — had gen-
uine coffee with sugar in it. C. P. Tanner, one of
the first to enter Plymouth and Battery Worth was
almost barefooted. He asked permission to search
the tents for shoes and soon came back with a good
pair on his feet. Gen. Hoke's success in this battle
made him a Major General.
General Wessel's official report says: "The killed,
wounded and missing was 127 officers and 2,707
men, besides 3000 stand of small arms, 20 pieces of
artillery and a large quantity of other supplies."
Ransom's Brigade lost killed 62, wounded 414.
April 25th. Marched to Washington, N. C;
26th, closed around the town prepared to attack.
During the night the enemy withdrew toward New-
bern. From April 28th, to May 3rd, we were at
Greenville. May 5th, crossed the Neuse on pon-
toon, crossed the Trent at Pollocksville, and ad-
vanced to the railroad 10 miles below Newbern
where we were shelled from gunboats in Neuse
River. May 6th. By forced march to Kinston.
Off for Petersburg, by rail, May 9th. Several miles
of road between Weldon and Petersburg had been
destroyed by Federal Cavalry. We marched by
burning cross ties to Stony Creek, Va., where train
was in readiness and we were rushed to Petersburg.
Heard firing across the Appomattox, the enemy be-
ing within one mile of the town and held in check
by a few companies of Confederates with the old men
and boys of Petersburg. Women and children were
on the streets, wringing their hands and crying.
As we rushed through the town they handed us
lunches of cold bread and whatever they could find.
One lady gave a hat to my brother, Amos, who had
lost his when on the train. He wore the hat until
he was killed not quite two weeks later. We
reached Petersburg just in time to prevent its cap-
May nth. Moved to "Half Way House" between
Petersburg and Richmond, where my company was
placed on skirmish line in an open field on the
crest of a ridge with a line of battle opposed. Un-
der orders we retired across Proctor's Creek, skir-
mished, and held our position until dark. May 12th
Occupied breastworks west of the railroad. We
were attacked by skirmishers in front and surprised
by line of battle in rear. My company occupied ae
angle in our breastworks which had- been prepared
for artillery. When attacked from the rear we
jumped over and occupied the other side of our
breastworks. This angle was nearest the enemy's
line of battle and but for our stubborn resistance a
considerable portion of Ransom's Brigade would
have been captured. Company I was complimented
for the determined and successful stand made at this
Private George Griffin sat on the breastworks
smoking when the battle commenced. He re-
mained there and when he finished smoking coolly
knocked the ashes from his pipe and put it into his
Private Thomas Owens, who from exposure, had
lost his voice — Aphonia — a year previous, was
struck by a ball directly over the heart. He imme-
diately called out "Captain, I'm shot." He recov-
ered voice and health, and is still living. The ball,
having struck a rib, passed around the body and
was taken from the back.
When ordered to withdraw, my company was
among the rear guard and fell back in perfect
order. The gallant Cicero Durham, of the 49th,
was killed here. Skirmishing continued May 13th,
14th and 15th, and General Ransom was severely
wounded. May 16th, a general engagement was
brought on by our Commander, General Beaure-
guard. We were on a turnpike directly behind the
Washington Artillery of New Orleans, in a danger-
ous situation, though not actually engaged. Many
prisoners were captured and Butler was "bottled" at
Burmuda Hundreds as a result of this battle.
WARE BOTTOM CHURCH BATTLE.
At this place, for some unknown reason, five com-
panies were sent forward in the face of the enemy,
without support on either flank. Result: Company
I lost Corporal W. C. Beam, the tallest man in the
regiment, Sergeant Amos Harrill, Privates George
Griffin and the brothers, Jack and Joe Tessenear,
killed, and 12 wounded. I reported to the first field
officer to be found in the trap, Major John W.
Graham, that all would be killed if we remained.
He ordered us to retire. My brother, mortally
wounded, was placed on a blanket and three men
helped me carry him out to the Ambulance Corps.
When I could leave the command I found him slow-
ly dying in the Field Hospital. We buried him in
a private graveyard. Thirty years later I visited
the spot and found the grave which has since been
We spent about a month erecting fortifications
between Drewry's Bluff and Petersburg, then went
to the north side of James River. From thence on
the night of June 16th, we were hurried to Peters-
burg (20 miles) where we arrived at" daylight and
were sent to meet the advance of Grant's army, then
ready to enter the town. We were under fire near-
ly all day. A stray shot exploded the cartridge
box of Martin Price and badly singed his hands, face,
hair and whiskers.
Part of the Confederate lines had been captured.
Ransom's and Clingman's North Carolina Brigades
were ordered to recapture them on the night of
June 17th. It was about 10 o'clock and a full noon
shed its soft, mellow light upon us. Facing a re-
cently victorious army we expected hot work. The
command "Forward" was given. The two brigades
rushed in to the old lines and met stubborn resist-
ance, some of the enemy, refusing to surrender,
were clubbed or bayonetted. The men of Com-
pany I, secured guns and ammunition. On some
of these Springfield rifles were carved fish, snakes,
turtles, etc., the work of Minnesota Indians whom
we fought by moonlight. These guns were highly
prized and carried by my men to the close of the
In this battle my brother, John, was seriously
wounded. Three inches of bone was removed from
his right shoulder. I afterwards found him in a
crowded hospital with the wound neglected and in
bad condition. I violated the hospital regulations
and removed him to the home of a Mrs. Griffin,
where he had good attention. He received furlough
but was never able to return. He lived about twen-
ty five years but finally died from the effects of the
June 18th, about 3 a. m., Company I was ordered
to deploy as skirmishers, cover the space occupied
by the 56th regiment and hold the line until the
enemy could be seen in front.
The balance of the regiment withdrew nearer to
Petersburg where they commenced digging on a
new line of defense as none but soldiers expecting
attack could do. At daylight after seeing the field
in front almost covered with living and dead blue
coats, the company retired to a piece of woodland,
then to a railroad embankment in an open field
where we awaited developments. First we were
attacked by skirmishers and repulsed them. Next
came a line of battle. We retired under hot fire
to the new line. In entering, I attempted to pass
between two pieces of our artillery. In their anxi-
ety our gunners fired before I passed the muzzles.
I was knocked by concussion to my knees and
managed to crawl within our lines. I did not leave
my post until I saw the enemy's desperate charge
repulsed with heavy loss, though the severe shock
rendered me unfit for duty for several days.
On this day Captain F. N. Roberts, the last re-
maining commissioned officer of Company B, was
killed. Lieutenant Joseph M. Walker of my Com-
pany was detailed to command Company B, and
acted as its Captain until March 25th, 1865, when
a large part of both companies were captured.
Until July 30th, we were in this line. The two
armies were in some places not more than 200 or
300 yards apart. Sharpshooters on both sides were
on the lookout and it was dangerous to raise the
head above the breastworks.
Our rations were scant. Part of the meat was
Nassau bacon from Governor Vance's blockade run-
ner "Advance." It was yellow with age and near-
ly all grease, but hungry men could eat it.
It was rumored that the Federals were tunnelling
under our lines. We failed to locate the spot.
About July 20th, being the senior officer present
for duty, I took command of the 56th regiment
and served as Colonel for several weeks.
On the crest of a ridge 1 mile east of Petersburg,
stood Pegram's Battery, commanding the Federal
line for more than a mile, which induced the Fed-
erals to destroy it in the hope of rushing through
the gap and capturing Petersburg. 150 yards north
of this battery a small stream flowed northeast
through our line. The same distance south the Jeru-
salem road led southeast. To the west was a Con-
federate mortar battery on higher ground. Ran-
som's Brigade was north of Pegram's Battery. On
our right was Elliott's South Carolina Brigade
which extended southward beyond Pegram's Bat-
While lying on a piece of oil-cloth, I was awak-
ened on the morning of July 30th, by the terrific
explosion, and a rocking, trembling motion of the
earth. Instantly our men sprang to their guns,
without adjusting their scanty garments, and in two
minutes were ready for the terrible ordeal before
Two hundred pieces of Federal artillery opened
fire immediately after the explosion, which had de-
stroyed the battery, killed the men sleeping near
and blown up the earth, forming a crater forty yards
long, twenty-five yards wide and about thirty feet
deep. Three divisions of Federal soldiers (one col-
ored troops) rushed into the breach with an open
road to Petersburg. Instead of pressing forward,
they dallied half an hour while the Confederate
army took active measures to meet the enemy.
Ransom's Brigade, fortunately sheltered by the
bank of the stream, moved rapidly to the right at an
angle of about 45 from the earthworks. A move-
ment to the left at about the same angle brought
the South Carolina Troops into position along the
In their new position, so hastily taken, these two
brigades met and repulsed the terrible onslaught
of the enemy. Several assaults were made. If the
Federals moved south or southwest they were met
by the South Carolinians. If north or northwest,
Ransom's Tar Heels blocked the way. If they ad-
vanced toward Petersburg, they were on top of the
ridge under a deadly cross fire from both lines.
Meanwhile the mortar battery and other artillery
threw shells into the huddled mass of Federal
troops with fearful havoc. After the battle had
been raging for two or more hours, the Federals
commenced breaking to the rear singly and in
squads. This brought them within range of cross-
fire from Confederates still occupying the old lines
and many were cut down.
About nine or ten o'clock General Mahone ar-
rived with re-inforcements and a general charge was
ordered. With a yell and bayonet charge the Con-
federates swept everything before them and re-es-
tablished the lines. There was a truce for the
burial of the dead and hundreds of bodies were
thrown into the great chasm and covered with
An extract from North Carolina Regiments, Vol-
ume III, page 372, is here given:
"The fifty-sixth under Captains Lawson Harrill,
acting Colonel and R. D. Graham, acting Lieuten-
ant Colonel deploy in single file and move up the
line to the right to meet any demonstration in their
front, contributing by their steady fire materially
to hold the enemy in check while a forlorn hope
is being organized for a counter charge. It was
sure death for one of the Yankees to even start to
the rear from this north side of the Crater."
After the battle I visited the Crater where hun-
dreds of dead Federal soldiers, both white and
black lay "piled and crossed and packed upon each
other," the most horrible sight I ever witnessed.
This battle cost the enemy thousands of men and
was a great failure on their part.
August 15th, we exploded a mine under the ene-
emy's line but gained nothing thereby. I was still
in command of the regiment, had a close call from
the explosion of a mortar shell.
BATTLE ON WELDON RAILROAD.
August 21st. Our regiment with others at-
tempted to drive the enemy from a fortified posi-
tion on the Weldon railroad, but failed. Company
I lost Lieutenant Sweezy, John Murray and Rufus
Davis, killed — several wounded. I was sick and
not with my company in battle, the only time dur-
ing my service as captain. Captain R. D. Graham
commanded regiment. Major John W. Graham re-
turned from furlough August 25th, and I was re-
lieved of command of regiment.
General Wade Hampton in a cavalry raid in the
rear of Grant's army captured 1800 fine beef cattle.
I saw them driven into west Petersburg and all
enjoyed the feast, which followed.
September, October, November and December,
1864, and January and February, '65, were spent in
the trenches east of Petersburg, always exposed to
sharpshooters. Lieutenant L. M. Lynch was kill-
ed by a sharpshooter.
During the long- siege from June 18th, 1864, to
April, 1865, the men lived underground in "bomb-
proofs," scantily clothed, almost barefooted and half
starved. They would eat anything. I was invited
to a "squirrel dinner" made of wharf rats.
About the middle of March, the 56th was sent
six or eight miles southwest of Petersburg, the first
time in about nine months that we had been from
under fire. This rest, which was greatly enjoyed
by the men, was of short duration. On the evening
of March 24th, we received marching orders and
by daylight were in our old place east of Petersburg.
HARE'S HILL OR FORT STEADMAN.
The Federals occupied a strongly fortified posi-
tion in front of which was a stockade of poles,
placed at an angle of 45 and bound together with
wire. General Ransom, in command of two brig-
ades, formed a line of battle to attack. Standing on
the Confederate breastworks he called me by name
and pointing to a pine tree in the Federal lines said,
"Take your company in at that tree." The bal-
ance of the regiment was to follow us. We reached
the stockade and with our bayonets untwisted and
broke the wires, removed timbers and made a gap
through which we passed, one or two men at a
time. The shot from the enemy went over our
heads as it was too dark for them to see us. We
made a rush and went over the Federal lines fol-
lowed closely by the balance of the regiment The
enemy, after being driven out brought up re-en-
forcements, made two separate charges and were
repulsed. I then received an order from General
Ransom to hold a certain traverse, a cross section
of breastworks, in defending which I was captured
with about twenty of my men. I give extracts
from the description of this battle by Captain R. D.
Graham. North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, pages
390, 39 1 . 392:
"Captain L,. Harrill, in command of Companv I
* * * and Lieutenant Chas. M. Payne, of Com-
pany K, * * * now move briskly over the
line with the skirmishers, and on their heels fol-
lows our line of battle. * * * The position is
ours before the enemy is ready for the work of the
day * *. The morning wore on, with the ene-
my paying us their respects both with jnfantry and
distant artillery on the left, and shelling from a
point to our right * * * *. Compaq' I was
on the extreme left of that part of the lines held by
the Confederates, and after the battle had been rag-
ing for some time, Captain Harrill received an or-
der from General Ransom with his compliments,
saying "The traverse there must be held." The
defense of this traverse for a time checked the en-
emy rushing along their main line to enfilade the
regiment. About nine or ten o'clock, as the regi-
ment was withdrawing last from the field, the en-
emy made another desperate charge in front and at
the same time the second Michigan regiment
rushed along the main line and captured Captain
Harrill and about twenty men of the company."
J. C. Gross and Thomas Robbins were killed. Rem-
nants of the two companies, I and B, escaped and
under First Lieutenant J. M. Walker, Second Lieu-
tenant P. H. Gross and (uncommissioned) Third
Lieutenant C. P. Tanner, continued with the regi-
Access to the diary of C. P. Tanner, well known
as one of the bravest men in Company I, enables
me to follow their movements to Five Forks, —
March 26th, spent in making new fortifications,
worked nearly all night, — at sunrise moved back to
old quarters. 28th. Skirmishing at Burgess' Mill,
on Hatcher's Run. 29th. Marched through cold
rain parallel with Federal troops. Repulsed, with-
out loss, several attacks of cavalry. Remained in
camp next day and on the 31st advanced toward
Dinwiddie C. H., had skirmishing at Richardson's
Run and lay in line of battle all night.
April 1st. Continued march expecting attack.
Men anxious for battle. After some skirmishing
marched back toward Five Forks and found them-
selves almost surrounded and cut off. Roads im-
passible, marched through woods and fields, aban-
doned ambulances in the mud. Rations that night,
for desperately hungry men, was a chunk of corn
A few moments after arriving at Five Forks they
were attacked and repulsed several charges. At
last they were surrounded, attacked in front and
rear and forced to surrender. General Ransom was
taken from under his horse and with a few men
managed to escape, but the regiment was reduced
to one company's strength. Lieutenants Walker
and Tanner were captured. Lieutenant Gross es-
caped and with J. D. Jones, J. G. Horton, W. R.
Smart, O. D. Price, G. L. Lovelace, R. H. Wall, and
Jonas Womack, answered roll call at Appomattox.
Only eight men left of one hundred and forty-six.
The battle of Hare's Hill ended my active service
in the Confederate Army. When I saw we would
be captured, I hid my sword in the leaves. I re-
ceived courteous treatment from my captor, Major
of the 2nd Michigan Regiment,
who was a Mason. I was taken by rail to City
Point, thence to Fortress Munroe and Washington,
by boat. On the boat an old gentleman in citizens
clothes made himself known to me as a Mason, and
invited me to dine with him. The guard refused.
The gentleman then asked if I had any Confederate
money. I handed him a bill and he gave me a
greenback bill in exchange. I used this money in
I was taken to Old Capitol Prison in Washing-
ton. All windows facing the street had been brick-
ed up, and light entered from an inner court of the
I was transferred to Fort Delaware, on an island
in the Delaware river, not many days before Lin-
coln's assassination, after which, double guards
(some of them negro troops) were placed around
the prison. We were not allowed to assemble in
groups, and when exercising in the yard, were not
allowed to stop to speak to anyone.
Our food supply was limited. The worst feature
of the bean soup was the number of flies in it.
Fortunately, I was able to purchase soome food.
My uncle, Judge John Baxter, of Knoxville, Tenn.,
sent me a check for $50.00, on which I paid $6.00
exchange. Balance given me only in small sums
to prevent me from buying my way out of prison.
Col. Frank Coxe, sent me a check for $10.00. It
failed to reach me, though some one cashed it.
After I had been at Fort Delaware about a month
circulars were given to the prisoners, offering us
freedom if we would take the oath of allegiance.
Less than a dozen of the 1200 officers imprisoned
here took the oath.
RELEASE FROM PRISON.
I remained in prison until June 19th, when I was
required to hold up my right hand while the oath
was read to me, therefore I did not regard it as
Twenty-five North Carolinians left in a squad. I
was made captain and went to the Army Head-
quarters in Philadelphia, where a party pass was
given me good to Salisbury, N. C. While stand-
ing here in my ragged, dirty prison clothing, I was
recognized by the carrier who delivered my mail
when I was a student at Jefferson Medical College,
four years before. He furnished me a long linen
duster which covered my rags. I went to call on
my former landlady, Miss Susan Roberts, and found
she had sent a bundle of clothing to the prison for
me. The package did not reach me.
With the squad I went by rail to Baltimore,
then on a miserably dirty cattle transport to Nor-
folk, where we were placed on a better boat and
went up the James river to Richmond, thence by
rail to Salisbury, where we separated. I told the
inn keeper, Mr. Alex Buis, that I had no money.
He gave me lodging and breakfast. As I was leav-
ing and thanking him for his kindness, a stranger
handed me a two-dollar bill and urged me to accept
it. I paid my bill, took my friend's name, and one
year later, was enabled to return the money. With
75 cents in my pocket I boarded the train. I told
the conductor my circumstances and he did not ask
me ^for a ticket. At Catawba Station I left the
train, took dinner with my brother-in-law, J. M.
Lewis, and started for Wilkes county, on an old,
I spent the night with a man who was expecting
his son home from the army, paid him 75 cents,
and reached home without a cent.
I found the family of my father-in-law almost in
need, as Stoneman had passed through some weeks
previous and almost stripped the country.
There were seven in the family to be fed, besides
ten or twelve negroes who were shrewd enough not
to leave their old master. Our food was mainly
corn bread and pork from a litter of pigs, three
months old, which we butchered one by one and
ate half of one in a day. This fare seemed sump-
tuous to the three returned soldiers.
About July I visited my parents in Rutherford
county and found I had left with them $3.50 in sil-
ver — now my entire estate. I returned to Wilkes
where I practiced medicine and farmed for several
hard years of the
The State was without a currency. Everything
was in confusion and uncertainty. There were no
schools and no mail facilities. We had to send
fourteen miles to Wilkesboro for mail.
Designing men organized the negroes into "Loy-
al Leagues" or "Red Strings," the badge being any-
thing red worn anywhere about the person. One
meeting place was about half a mile from my home.
The meetings were boisterous, noise continuing
nearly all night. Fences were thrown down so
stock could destroy the crops.
At this time Hon. Josiah Turner had~an appoint-
ment to speak in Wilksboro and a threat was made
that he would not be allowed to do so. A message
was sent to the old soldiers and on the appointed
day they were present prepared for business. The
leaders of the Red Strings were notified that they
would be held personally responsible for the slight-
est disturbance and would be the first to suffer. It
proved to be a quiet day.
I was disfranchised by the authorities, the lead-
ers of the League, upon the ground that, before the
war, I was deputy postmaster at a little country
postoffice, which perhaps paid to the principal ten
or twelve dollars a year, the true reason being the
fact that they could not control my vote.
Such conditions led to the organization of the
Ku Klux Klan who soon brought about a very
different state of affairs. I was not a member but
knew something of their movements.
In 1870, I moved to Abilene, Kansas, where I
found there was a law disfranchising any one who
had served in the Confederate army. My ballot
was challenged at the first election. I was then
told that I would be allowed to vote if I could say
I had been drafted, or had entered the Confederate
army under compulsion. I replied "I went into
the army voluntarily and under like circumstances
would act in the same way." During the next ses-
sion of the Legislature an act was passed making
me a citizen of the State of Kansas. I was no long-
er a man without a country.
ROSTER OF COMPANY I,
56th Regiment, North Carolina Troops.
Gen. M. W. Ransom's Brigade.
Kilpatrick, James W. Enlisted May i, 1861.
Promoted ist Lieutenant Company D, i6th Regi-
ment. Promoted Captain Company I, 56th Regi-
ment, April 7, 1862. Killed at Seven Pines, May
Harrill, Lawson. Enlisted Company D, 16th
Regiment, May 1, 1861. Promoted to ist Lieuten-
ant, April 7, 1862. Promoted to Captain Company
I, 56th Regiment, May 31, 1862, at battle of Seven
Sweezy, James H. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Promoted 2nd Lieutenant. Promoted 1st Lieuten-
ant, May 31, 1862. Discharged July 29, 1862, and
died soon after.
Sweezy, Henry A. L. Enlisted May 1, 1861, Com-
pany D, 1 6th Regiment. Promoted to 3rd Lieu-
tenant, April, 7, 1862, Company I, 56th Regiment.
Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, August 2, 1862. Pro-
moted to 1st Lieutenant, August 2, 1862. Killed
near Petersburg, Va., August 21, 1864.
Walker, Joseph M. Enlisted May 1, 1861, Com-
pany D, 1 6th Regiment. Promoted to 2nd Lieu-
tenant, Company I, 56th Regiment, July 26, 1862.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, August 21, 1864. De-
tailed to command Company B, 56th Regiment,
June 18, 1864, and continued to April 1, 1865.
Prisoner at Johnson's Island. Home July 4, 1865.
Gross, Philip H. Enlisted May, 1861, Company
G, 1 6th, transferred to Company I, 56th Regi-
ment. Promoted to 3rd Lieutenant, October, 1863.
Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, August 21, 1864.
Lynch, L. M. Enlisted March 18, 1862. Orderly
Sergeant. Promoted 3rd Lieutenant, September,
1864. Killed near Petersburg, Va., in February,
Tanner, C. P. Enlisted March, 1862. Sergeant.
Promoted to 3rd Lieutenant, March, 1865, not com-
missioned. Wounded. Living.
Calton, John W. Enlisted March 26, 1862. Or-
Wall, W. G. Enlisted March 26, 1862. Sergeant.
Mooney, Jonathan. Enlisted May 1, 1862. Ser-
Harrill, Amos. Enlisted May 1, 1861, Company
D, 1 6th Regiment. Transferred to Company I.
Sergeant. Mortally wounded at Ware Bottom
Church, May 20, 1864. Died, May 21, 1864.
Beam, W. C. L. Corporal. Enlisted March 19,
1862. Killed at Ware Bottom Church, May 20, 1864.
Lynch, W. L. Corporal. Enlisted March 18, 1862.
Robbins, John B. Corporal. Enlisted March 3,
1862. Captured. Died at Point Lookout.
Price, Adam. Corporal. Enlisted March 21,
Price, John R. Corporal. Enlisted March 21,
Price, Joseph G. Drummer. Enlisted March 21,
1862. Went into battle at Seven Pines, and killed
May 31, 1862.
Price, Oliver D. Fifer. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Cook and Nurse at invalid camp during seige of
Petersburg, 1864 and 1865. Living.
Atkinson, J. M. Enlisted.
Biggerstaff, G. W. Enlisted May 2, 1861, Com-
pany D, 16th. Transferred April 7, 1862.
Biggerstaff, I. N. Enlisted March 20, 1862. Liv-
Bird, William. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Dis-
charged December 1, 1862.
Bolton, S. B. Enlisted March 15, 1862. Died
Bolton, J. H. Enlisted March 15, 1862. Killed
Bridges, A. W. Enlisted March 4, 1862. Wound-
Brooks, Wm. A. Enlisted March 4, 1862. Killed
at Seven Pines, May 31, 1862.
Buff, A. M. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Wounded.
Buff, Daniel C. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
June 27, 1862.
Canipe, John W. Enlisted March 17, 1862.
Cash, Haswell. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Dis-
charged July 1, 1862.
Covington, J. C. Enlisted March 19, 1862. Died
on roadside June 11, 1862.
Campbell, J. P. Enlisted November 11, 1863.
Campbell, Thos. Enlisted April 10, 1864.
Dameron, T. G. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Dameron, Wm. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
at Wilmington, March, 1863.
Daves, William. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Killed
at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, 1864.
Daves, William J. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Davis, Rufus. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Wouuded.
Died in prison.
Davis, J. L. Enlisted.
Deck, G. W. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
DePriest, J. G. B. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Dobbins, Nehemiah. Enlisted 1863.
Franklin, J. P. July 8, 1862. Died in hospital.
Floyd, J. M. Enlisted March 21, 1862^. Died in
hospital July 29, 1862.
Freeman, Dock. Enlisted.
Goforth, J. H. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Goforth, Thomas. Enlisted.
Griffin, George. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Kill-
ed May 20, 1864, Ware Bottom Church.
Green, I,. M. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Died in
Green, Samuel. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Green, William. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Green, James. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
in hospital April 30, 1862.
Green, Whitten. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Died
July 10, 1862.
Gross, J. C. Enlisted March 19, 1862. Killed
near Petersburg, March 25, 1865.
Hamilton, W. P. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
in hospital July 27, 1862.
Hamilton, J. W. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Hanks, E. F. Enlisted Transferred to
Company A, 56th Regiment.
Harrill, Housen. Enlisted May i, 1861, Com-
pdny D, 16th, transferred to Company I. Wounded.
Harrill, Drury. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
in hospital January 6, 1863.
Harrill, John B. Enlisted September, 1861, Com-
pany B, 34th. Discharged. Re-enlisted July, 1862.
Severely wounded June 17, 1864.
Harrill, Pinkney. Enlisted 1862. Died from
Henson, J. C. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Severely
wounded. Nose split open, two front teeth, portion
of bone and ball all caught in mouth.
Hollifield, H. C. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Hollifield, N. J. Enlisted July 5, 1862. Wounded.
Horton, D. M. Enlisted March 15, 1862. Lost
left arm August 21, 1864.
Horton, G. J. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Wound-
Horton, W. T. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Killed
near Petersburg, August 21, 1864.
Horton, John J. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
in hospital April 28, 1862.
Horton, Paton. Enlisted March 3, 1862. Died
Hutchings, Isaac. Enlisted March 20, 1862.
Died in hospital April 24, 1862.
Hitchings, Reuben. Enlisted March 20, 1862.
Died in hospital May 1, 1862.
Huntsinger, John. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Huntsinger, Wm. Enlisted March 20, 1862.
Jones, J. D. Enlisted March 12, 1862. Wounded.
King, Spencer. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died
in hospital June 20, 1862.
King, Wm. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Died in
hospital June 1, 1862.
Lynch, A. K. Enlisted May 1, 1861, Company
D, 16th. Transferred to Company I. Killed at
Seven Pines, May 31, 1862.
Lynch, Hyman. Enlisted.
Lovelace, G. L. C. Enlisted February 19, 1863.
Melton, Samuel. Enlisted.
Melton, Joseph. Enlisted.
Melton, J. S. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Michael, James M. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Moxley, Thos. Enlisted October, 1863.
Mooney, David. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Mooney, E. D. Enlisted October 14, 1862. Lost
left arm August 21, 1864.
Mooney, Jacob. Enlisted January 1, 1863. Died
at Ashland, Va., April 29, I863.
Mooney, Philip. Enlisted. Died at Williams-
Mooney, M. O. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Mooney, Peter. Enlisted March 15, 1862. Died
from wound in knee.
McFarland, D. C. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Died
January 5, 1863, at Goldsboro.
Murray, John W. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Killed
August 21, 1864.
Nelon, James R. Enlisted March 20, 1862.
Owens, Thomas. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Se-
Owens, Amos. Enlisted May 1, 186 1, Company
D, 16th. Discharged January 17, 1862. Re-enlisted.
Padgett, Craton. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Padgett, J. L. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Wounded.
Padgett, L,andrum. Enlisted April 6, 1864.
Philbeck, A. B. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Died in hospital.
Philbeck, J. P. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Wound-
Philbeck, W. H. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Died in hospital.
Pope, L. J. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Died in the
Porter, W. D. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Dis-
Price, F. J. Enlisted July 10, 1862.
Price, G. W. Enlisted March 22, 1862. Wounded.
Price, H. W. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Wounded.
Died in prison.
Price, John M. Enlisted April 1, 1863. Wound-
Price, John R. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Price, T. F. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Price, Martin G. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Wound-
Price, R. S. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Robbins, P. L. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Robbins, Thomas. Enlisted July 5, 1862. Kill-
ed March 25, 1865, near Petersburg.
Smith, C. C. Enlisted May 1, 1861, Company
D, 16th. Transferred April 7, 1862.
Spake, George. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Smart, D. P. Enlisted February 12, 1863.
Sparks, W. A. Enlisted April 14, 1863.
Smart, Wm. R. Enlisted 1863.
Sorrels, Henry R. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Killed at Seven Pines, May 31, 1862.
Spurlin, George W. Enlisted April 7, 1862.
Died from wound.
Sweezy, T. J. Enlisted March 15, 1862.
Sweezy, J. W. Enlisted July 8, 1862.
Towry, John P. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Towry, L. M. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Dis-
Tessenear, Jackson. Enlisted February 12, 1863.
Killed May 20, 1864, at Ware Bottom Church.
Tessenear, Joseph. Enlisted February 12, 1863.
Killed May 20, 1864, at Ware Bottom Church.
Wall, E. H. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Wall, Riley H. Enlisted March 21, 1862.
Wall, Simeon. Enlisted March 21, 1862. Kill-
ed near Petersburg.
Wall, John. Enlisted March 21,1862. Discharged.
Walker, John. Enlisted July 5, 1862.^
Walker, Davidson. Enlisted July 8, 1862. Died
December 26, 1862, Franklin, Va.
Walker, Louis A. Enlisted March 22, 1862. Died
in hospital June 10, 1862.
Walker, Fred. Enlisted July 5, 1862. Died in
Walker, J. B. Enlisted.
Webb, R. A. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Weast, M. G. Enlisted July 8, 1861. Died in
Wells, John. Enlisted October 1, 1862.
Whitaker, Z. B. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Whitaker, I. H. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Whitaker, R. D. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Womack, John. Enlisted 1863.
Womack, Jonas. Enlisted July 5, 1862.
Total number of officers and men, - - 146
Killed and mortally wounded on battle fields, 25
Died from disease, 28
Severely wounded but recovered, - - 25
Discharged for disability, - 5
A large number of slight wounds, not serious
enough to require hospital treatment not reported.
Very few escaped without any wound.
These reminiscences are published for the pur-
pose of placing certain historical facts in better
s^ape for preservation. The first person is used not
from egotism, but because the facts can be better
told in that way.
The record of each man of my Company is from
Muster Rolls, in my possession, made when events
were fresh in mind. The long list of killed and
severely wounded, without enumerating the many
slight wounds, is proof that Company I was at the
front and on the firing line. Its record was made
possible by the bravery and devotion of the privates,
"the men behind the guns," during the three years
of its existence.
To the memory of the twenty-five members of
the Company who went to their death on the battle-
To the twenty-eight others, who from exposure,
sickened and died;
To those who have since passed away;
To the twenty-five others, who suffered from se-
vere wounds, but lived with shattered health;
To all the living, true and tried, now old men,
this imperfect recital of our dangers and trials, is
When the final roll call is made, may each be
prepared to "pass over the river and rest under the
shade of the trees," is the wish of your old comrade,
/&£, <3 L. HARRILL.